What is Skin Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is the production of excess melanin causing dark spots on the skin. Age spots, liver spots, freckles, sun spots, pregnancy mask are all types of hyperpigmentation and there are several treatments available to reduce or remove the darker skin.

Hyperpigmentation refers to areas of skin where an excess of melanin has been produced and formed deposits, causing skin patches that appear darker than the surrounding skin.

Common skin areas that experience hyperpigmentation or dyschromia are the face, arms, and hands.  Age spots, liver spots, freckles, sun spots, melasma, and any typical dark or brown spots in the skin are examples of hyperpigmentation.



Different Types of Hyperpigmentation

Getting familiar with the types of hyperpigmentation will help you determine the right course of treatment and give you ideas for lifestyle changes you can make to prevent further discoloration from occurring. Understand that hyperpigmentation does not only occur on your face. Here are the four types of hyperpigmentation:


This type of hyperpigmentation is caused by hormonal fluctuations, and is a normal occurrence during pregnancy. It can also occur as a result of thyroid dysfunction and as a side effect of taking birth control pills or hormone therapy medication. This is a difficult type of hyperpigmentation to treat.


These are also known as liver spots or age spots. They are found on 90% of people over the age of 60, and are usually caused by exposure to UV rays. Non-solar lentigines is caused by a larger systemic disorder.

Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

This is caused by skin injury such as psoriasis, burns, acne, and some skin care treatments. It usually goes away as the skin regenerates and heals.

Drug-induced Hyperpigmentation

This secondary hyperpigmentation, known as lichen planus, occurs when drugs cause an inflammation and eruption on the skin. It is non-contagious.

Hyperpigmentation Causes

Common causes of skin hyperpigmentation include:

In situations where hyperpigmentation is caused by acne, botched skin treatment, or some other cause of skin inflammation, it is known as PIH, or Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation.

Typically, hyperpigmentation is a harmless skin condition, however if moles or other possible signs of skin cancer appear, they should be checked by a dermatologist.


Vitamin C Serum For Acne Scars and Hyperpigmentation Treatment

Vitamin C face serums focus on evening out skin tone and fading hyperpigmentation. They may contain light reflectors for instant results, brightening agents like kojic acid and/or exfoliants to accelerate spot reduction.

Exfoliating Serums are usually worn overnight, these are a new way to gently dissolve away dead skin cells, using ingredients such as glycolic and salicylic acid to get rid of hyperpigmentation.


How to Apply Your Serums

Step 1: Always apply your face serum to clean, bare, dry skin—it should be the first thing you put on after cleansing. If you’re layering a couple different serums, then use the most targeted one first so you don’t dilute the actives.

Step 2: Give your serum a few minutes to sink in before you apply your moisturizer. (If your skin is oily, you can skip this step during the daytime, but remember to at least wear sunscreen!) To get the most out of your serum, it’s important to seal it in with something that protects the skin barrier.

Step 3: If your moisturizer doesn’t contain SPF, then sunscreen should be the final daytime layer in your skincare routine. If you put it on sooner, it can prevent the actives in your other products from penetrating.

Step 4: Makeup, if you wear it. But maybe a serum will have your skin looking so great that you won’t need it!